Coming back soon… The “Soacha 17″ are confined to base
Jan 092010
Image source: El Tiempo.

It is with revulsion that we learn of a Colombian court’s decision yesterday to release 17 Colombian Army personnel for the 2008 Soacha murder case.

The officers and soldiers were awaiting trial for conspiring to kidnap and kill unemployed young men in a slum on Bogotá’s outskirts, only to present their bodies hundreds of miles away as those of armed-group members killed in combat. By raising their “body count” through this unconscionable scheme, the soldiers qualified for a schedule of rewards, as established by Defense Ministry orders. This so-called “False Positives” scandal now involves hundreds of cases since 2002 under official investigation all over Colombia, with over 1,000 potential victims.

Because of its high-profile nature — it forced the resignation of Army chief Gen. Mario Montoya — the Soacha case is a key test of whether Colombia would be able to investigate and punish these crimes.

Colombia is failing that test. Yesterday, 17 alleged perpetrators were released because a judge decided that prosecutors’ time had run out. This issue had come up before, in October. At the time, a judge avoided letting the soldiers go free, giving prosecutors a 90-day extension. He agreed that most of the delay was the fault of the soldiers’ defense lawyers, who were clearly trying to “run out the clock” by throwing up a series of procedural roadblocks, including demands that the murders be tried in Colombia’s military justice system instead of the civilian courts.

It appears that the delaying tactics have worked. The message this sends about impunity for human rights abuse — even in the most egregious cases, like Soacha — could hardly be more poisonous. It is also a huge slap in the face to the Soacha victims’ grieving relatives, who had already been receiving threats.

The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Office in Colombia had uncharacteristically strong words about yesterday’s events.

“I am extremely worried about the impact and the repercussions that this decision could have over the more than 1,200 cases of extrajudicial executions that the Prosecutor-General’s Human Rights Unit is investigating, as well as on the mothers of the victims and the witnesses,” said Christian Salazar Volkmann, representative in Colombia of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. The Office continues to view as extremely serious the pattern under which many of these acts were committed.

Even Colombia’s Ministry of Defense, headed by a minister who has called human rights prosecutions were the work of “enemies of the fatherland,”  appeared chagrined, calling on the justice system to continue its investigations and prosecutions of the Soacha cases, even with so many of the perpetrators now once again enjoying their freedom.

For the U.S. government, the implication of yesterday’s move is clear: as long as impunity continues to reign in these “false positives” cases, it is impossible to certify that Colombia’s human rights performance is improving.

4 Responses to “17 Soacha perpetrators are free”

  1. Another Colombian Death Squad Gets Away With It « Ten Percent Says:

    [...] MORE Posted in Human Rights. Tags: Colombia, Human Rights, Neoliberalism. Leave a Comment » [...]

  2. James J. Brittain Says:

    It is incredibly disturbing – and a flagrant example of the state’s true political-judicial intentions – that the Soacha 17 and congresswoman Zulema Jattin were released while a social justice advocate like Liliany Obando (unionist, academic, film-maker, human rights activist, and women’s rights proponent) went without a trial for over 400 days. A travesty, simply a travesty.

  3. Camilo Wilson Says:

    It’s hard not to be cynical about this release—cynical about Colombia’s Army, about the Uribe Government, and about U.S. policy and those in Washington who blindly support it.

    Let me strike a more sanguine note and welcome Mr. Isacson back to the excellent Blog site. And also wish better times for those of us who have other than parochial concerns about the hemisphere and its enormous problems.

  4. Plan Colombia and Beyond » The “Soacha 17″ are confined to base Says:

    [...] the Center for International Policy 17 Soacha perpetrators are free Jan [...]

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